Antibiotics of Choice

Antibiotics of Choice

1.Allergic broncho pulmonary aspergillosis– Steroid + Itraconazole
2.Acute Epiglottitis– Ceftriaxone
3.Amoebic Liver Abscess, Bacterial Vaginosis– Metronidazole
4.Anaerobic Organism– Metronidazole > Clindamycin
5.Angular Conjunctivitis– Oxytetracycline Ointment(1%)

antibiotics-of-choice


6.Animal Bite, Tonsillitis– Amoxiclav
7.Anthrax, Actinomycosis, Trench Mouth, Rat Bite Fever, Scarlet Fever, Lymphedema– Penicillin
8.Bacillary Angiomatosis, Campylobacter Jejuni, Chlamydia In Pregnancy, Legionnaires Disease– Erythromycin
9.Burkholderia Cepacia– Meropenem + Chloramphenicol
10.Candida Vaginitis– Fluconazole
11.Cat Scratch Disease (Bartonella Henslae), Cystitis– Ciprofloxacin
12.Cellulitis– Nafcillin > Oxacillin
13.Chlamydia Urethritis, Donovanosis, H. Ducreyi(Chancroid)– Azithromycin
14.Cholera:
Child- Cotrimoxazole,
Adult- Doxycycline,
Pregnancy- Furazolidone,
Prevention-Tetracycline
CMV Congenital- i.v. Ganciclovir
15.Condyloma Acuminata– Podophylline
16.Dermatophyte– Terbinafine + Amoralfine
17.Filamentous Fungus Corneal Ulcer– Natamycin
18.Gas Gangrene– Clindamycin + Penicillin
19.Genital Wart– Imiquimod
20.Gonococcal Urethritis– Cefixime/ i.v. Ceftriaxone + Doxycycline > Spectinomycin
21.HSV Congenital– Acyclovir
22.HSV Encephalitis– Acyclovir>Foscarnet
23.Hydatid Cyst, Neurocysticercosis– Albendazole
24.Impetigo– Dicloxacillin > Cephalexin
25.Inflammatory Diarrhoea– Fluoroquinolone
26.Dermatophytic Reaction, Onychomycosis– Terbinafine
27.Invasive Aspergillosis– Voriconazole
28.Kala Azar– Liposomal Amphotericin- B
29.Kerion– Oral Griseofulvin
30.Klebsiella Infection– Streptomycin > Tetracycline
31.Leprosy, Rhinosporidiosis– Dapsone
32.LGV(Chlamidia Trachomatis), Pleurodesis In Malignant Pleural Effusion– Doxycycline
33.Listeria Meningitis– Ampicillin
34.Lyme Disease– <8year: Amoxycillin, >8year: Doxycycline
35.MAC– Clarithromycin
36.Malaria:
Rx,Prevent,Pregnancy- Chloroquine
Severe,Chloroquine Resistant- Artesunate
Prevention In  Chloroquine Resistant Malaria <6wk- Doxycycline, >6wk- Mefloquine
MDR- Mefloquine
37.Malign Otitis Externa– Piperacillin
38.MRSA– Vancomycin(Parenteral)
39.Skin Infection– Clindamycin
40.Mycoplasma Pneumoniae, Tropical Sprue– Tetracycline
41.Naegleria Fowleri– Amphotericin-B + Rifampicin
42.N. Meningitidis Meningitis– Ceftriaxone (7days)
43.Necrotising Pancreatitis– Imipenem
44.Neurosyphillis– Procaine Penicillin
45.Nocardia– Sulfonamide
46.Non AIDS Cryptococcal Meningitis– Amphotericin- B
47.Pasturella Multocida– Penicillin G
48.Plague– Streptomycin
49.Meningitis,Pleuritis,Endophthalmitis,Myocarditis– Chloramphenicol, Prevention– Tetracycline
50.Pneumocystis Jiroveci, Whipple Disese– Cotrimoxazole
51.Pneumonia:
CAP, Atypical- Macrolide(Erythromycin) > Βlactam > Fluoroquinolone
CAP in Neonate- Ampicillin + Gentamicin
Staphylococcus Aureus- Vancomycin/Teicoplanin/Linezolid
52.Pseudomembranous Enterocolitis– Metronidazole > Vancomycin(Oral)
53.Pseudomonas– 3rdgeneration Cephalosporin
54.Scabies– 5%Permethrin, Nodular– 5%Permethrin+Steroid, Norvegian/Keratotic– Ivermectin
55.Sporotrichosis– Itraconazole, Cutaneous– Saturated Solution KI
56.Str. Pneum. Meningitis– Ceftriaxone + Vancomycin(14d)
57.Strongyloides, Onchocerca, Cutaneous Larva Migrans– Ivermectin
58.Syphilis– Benzathine Penicillin > Doxycycline
59.TB Chemoprophylaxis In Pregnancy– INH
60.TB Meningitis, Miliary TB, TB Pericardial Effusion, TB Addisons Disease– ATT + Steroid
61.Toxoplasmosis– Cotrimoxazole>Sulfapyridine>Pyrimethamine, Pregnancy– Spiramycin, Congenital– Sulphadiazine+Pyrimethamine
62.Traveller Diarrhoea– Azithromycin > Ciprofloxacin
63.Typhoid– Ciprofloxacin > Ceftriaxone
64.Typhus Encephalitis– i.v. Doxycycline > i.v. Azithromycin

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