Clinical Triads with Memory Tricks

Clinical Triads with Memory Tricks

Many Clinical Triads Are Asked Frequently In Medical PG Entrance Exams.
Some Important Clinical Triads Are Collected Here Which Are Asked Many Times In AIPGME, NEET PG, AIIMS, DNB, UPSC (CMS) And Other Medical PG Entrance Exams.
To memorise these triads easily, Memory tricks are also given in the table.

clinical-triads


S.No.
Named Triads
Components Of Triad
Memory Tricks
Condition Associated
01
Beck’s triad
Distant(muffled) heart sound, Distended neck veins, Decreased BP(hypotension)
3D
Cardiac tamponade
02
Charcot’s triad
Biliary colic, Jaundice, Pyrexia(Fever)
BJP
Cholangitis
03
Cushing’s triad of increased ICT
Bradycardia, Bradypnea, Hypertension
Head injuries
04
Fanconi syndrome triad
Aminoaciduria, Proteinuria, Phosphaturia
Fanconi syndrome
05
Gradenigo’s triad
6th nerve palsy, Persistent ear discharge, Deep-seated retro-orbital pain
Gradenigo’s syndrome
06
Triad of Sandblom
Malena, Obstructive jaundice, Biliary colic
MOBile
Hemobilia
07
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS)
Renal failure, Anaemia, Thrombocytopenia
HUSRAT (हसरत)
08
Hutchinson triad
Hutchinson’s teeth, Interstitial keratitis, Nerve deafness
Congenital syphilis
09
Kartagener’s syndrome triad
Bronchiectasis, Recurrent sinusitis, Situs inversus
Kartagener’s syndrome
10
Meckler’s triad
Vomiting, Pain, Subcutaneous emphysema
Boerhaave syndrome
11
Saint’s triad
Diverticulosis, Gallstones, Hiatus hernia
Divya Girls Hostel
12
Tetany in children
Stridor, Carpopedal spasm, Convulsions
Tetany
13
Triad of Alport’s syndrome
Sensorineural deafness, Progressive renal failure, Ocular anomalies
Alport’s syndrome
14
Triad of Behcet’s syndrome
Recurrent oral ulcers, Genital ulcers, Iridocyclitis
Behcet’s syndrome
15
Triad of Kwashiorkar
Oedema, Mental changes, Growth retardation
OMG – Oh My God!
Kwashiorkor
16
Triple test
Estimation of hCG, Estriol, and AFP
Diagnosis of Down’s syndrome
17
Trotter’s triad
Conductive deafness, Immobility of homolateral soft palate, Trigeminal neuralgia
18
Virchow’s triad
Stasis, Hypercoagulability, Vessel injury
Venous thrombosis
19
Whipple’s triad
Symptoms of hypoglycaemia; Low blood glucose at time of symptoms; Symptoms resolved on correction of hypoglycaemia
Insulinoma
20
Vogt’s triad
EPIlepsy(Convulsions), LOI.Q.(Mental retardation), Adenoma sebaceum
EPILOIA
Tuberous sclerosis
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